After three months struggling, Ministry of Health and Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA) has finally curtailed typhoid in Kampala and the surrounding districts.
Typhoid hit Kampala and neighboring districts of Wakiso and Mukono in February this year after numerous cases were reported and confirmed.
In a press briefing at Uganda Media Centre today, Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng, Director General of Health Services at Ministry of Health said; “The declaration of an end to the outbreak comes after 4 weeks of the treatment centers reporting cases below the baseline typhoid outbreak thresholds.” Adding that; “During the outbreak, a total of 14,304 suspected cases were registered. Of these, 10,230 (4,735 Females and 5495 Males) met the case definition for typhoid and were treated in the six designated treatment centers that were set up.”
After the outbreak, Ministry of Health and partners investigated and found out that typhoid outbreak was as result of consumption of contaminated water majorly from underground sources and springs, and vended locally made juices prepared with contaminated water.
To curb any outbreak in the near future, Ministry of Health is recommending that there should be only one water source, National Water Sewage and Corporation (NWSC).
“This should be water from National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC). Other sources of water used should be the commercialized bottled water that has been approved by the Uganda National Bureau of Standards.”
The Ministry is also recommending KCCA and NWSC to conduct periodic water quality assessments in different locations within the city and KCCA to strengthen certification of food vendors and prohibit typhoid carriers from vending food.
Public Urged to Be Vigilant
Ministry of Health is also urging public to be vigilant to prevent future Typhoid outbreak.
“The public is urged to observe personal and community hygiene to avoid possible typhoid infection including hand hygiene, latrine use, keeping drinking water containers clean, regularly cleaning water reservoirs at household levels,” Dr Jane said.
Other measures include; seeking medical advice for typhoid symptoms like gradual onset of persistent fever, boiling drinking water and keeping it in clean containers, and avoiding eating unwashed fruits and Vegetables, and to as much as possible eat hot food.