Special Forces Not Created For Muhoozi – M7

Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni
Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni

President Yoweri Museveni has hit back at his political nemesis and former Forum for Democratic Change leader Rtd Col Dr Kiiza Besigye  in his latest response to Besigye’s lies against the ruling National Resistance  Movement (NRM), dismissing Besigye’s allegations that the elite Special Forces Command (SFC) was created for the first son Brigadier Muhoozi Kainerugaba.

Brig. Muhoozi who is also President Museveni’s son is the commander of the force.

The President says the force was created in the early eighties when he was launching the Nationall Resistance Army rebellion was being launched. Muhhozi was seven years old at the time.

This is the latest reply to Besigye in a string of accusations and rebuttals between the two leaders that was sparked off by an interview published by the Daily Monitor newspaper in which Besigye alleged that the Special Forces Command that is charged with providing security to the President was created for the first son, that his entry into the army was irregular among other accusations.

Last week, the president responded to part of Besigye’s  “Lies and distortions” and the former FDC leader during the week  retorted in another letter reiterating his accusations. Now the President has written the second part of his response.

The ‘letter exchange’ between the two leaders shows no signs of waning, however what waits to be seen is whether Besigye will respond to this letter.

With this latest letter, President Museveni has shown his determination to unearth and expose the deceptions of the opposition figure.

Below is the President’s response in full

         Clarification of Besigye’s lies


H.E. Yoweri Kaguta Museveni
President of the Republic of Uganda

16th February, 2013

Last week, I disposed of the bulk of Dr. Besigye’s lies.  I promised the readers that in another piece, I would deal with the remaining lies or distortions.  These were:  “Special Forces was created for Muhoozi”; “Poverty”; “We went to the bush to overthrow Army rule”; and “Power belongs to the people and not Army rule”.

What is now Special Forces Command was founded in May 1981, at Kyererezi, in Kapeeka, before Dr. Besigye joined the struggle and when Muhoozi was just seven years old.  We had launched our struggle on the 6th of February, 1981, by attacking Kabamba with just 27 rifles.

Through ambushes (e.g. Kawanda), subsequent attacks on UNLA (e.g. Kakiri, on the 6th of April), removing guns from Police Stations (e.g. Isunga, Kasanda, Busunju, Bukuya, Bukwiri, Kiboga, etc.), we had about 60 rifles by May, 1981.  Meanwhile, recruits were flocking into the Resistance Army. The number was now 200 people; at Kabamba we had been about 40 people but with only 27 rifles.

Since we were still operating in concealment, I decided to create Units by breaking up the 200 people because 200 people moving in one group are not easy to conceal.  Accordingly, we created the following Units: Abdul Nasser (Matugga area) with 43 rifles; Mondlane (Makulubita area); Kabaleega (Kapeeka area); Nkrumah (Bukomero-Lukoola-Kyankwanzi area); and one Section to always travel with the Chairman of the High Command (CHC) – Yoweri Museveni.

Since Abdul Nassar took 43 rifles out of 60, the rest of the Units shared the remaining 17 rifles.  Other Units such as Lutta, Ngoma and Mwanga were created later.  So was the decisive Mobile Force.

Since we had now created Zonal Units, instead of having only one nomadic (roving) unit, it necessitated the CHC to always travel to visit these units.  In order not to divert manpower from the Zonal Units to escort and guard the CHC, it was better to have a small Force dedicated to guarding him.

Whenever I decided to walk to any point, we would move straight away without waiting to raise an escort Force from the Zonal Forces.  That is how what is now Special Forces group started.  Initially, it was like a Section (12 people), if my memory serves me right.  By the end of the war (1986), it was a Company size (120-140 people).  Lack of written records because of the circumstances of that time forces me to rely on my memory.

I think, by this time, it was being called “the High Command Unit”.  When we captured power, it became the Presidential Protection Unit (PPU) equivalent to a battalion size (700-800 soldiers).

With the new challenges of fighting the counter-revolutionary forces (terrorists, hostile neighbours, etc), the PPU soon expanded into a Brigade (three battalions or more) with added responsibilities of not just protecting the President but also guarding the whole country in some aspects, sharing that responsibility with the rest of the Defence Forces and also participating in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations, on the express orders of the President.

I remember, for instance, one example, during the Kony terrorism in the North.  The Kony groups had got some anti-tank cannons known as B-10s (82 mm recoilless guns).  There was one audacious gunner who managed to damage some of our mambas.

I decided to help the Forces in operation by deploying a Force from Presidential Guard Brigade (PGB), which had been rehearsing anti-ambush drills.  They caught up with this gunner at Barlegi Primary School (deserted at that time and very bushy), killed him and recovered the recoilless gun.

When the ADF infiltrated Uganda from Congo the last time (I think, it was 2006), they entered the Semliki National Park.  A Commando Force from PGB was dispatched to counter this threat.  Working with the 2nd Division Units in the area, the ADF group was almost wiped out.  Out of the 100 terrorists that had infiltrated, about 83 of them were killed.

Only 13 terrorists went back to Congo.  During the recent operations in Mogadishu, special elements from the Special Forces Command (both marine and commando) played crucial roles in defeating the Al-Shabaab alongside the bigger Uganda Expeditionary Force in Somalia.

Therefore, what was originally the CHC’s escort, High Command Unit, then later, Presidential Protection Unit, Presidential Guard Brigade and now the Special Forces Command has, over the course of many years, graduated from a V.I.P. Protection Force into a crucial component of the strategic defence structure of the country alongside the Reserve Forces Command, etc.

It is part of the capacity that can re-inforce the other Divisions in case of need.  It is only people who do not wish Uganda well that can be unhappy with such a Force.

The first Section Commander of this Force must have been the late Robert Kabuula, then the late Akanga Byaruhanga (when he came from Luzira), Geoffrey Muheesi, then, George Mayeku, Dick Bugingo, Leo Kyanda, William Bainomugisha and, now, Muhoozi Kainerugaba.

Many other officers who have been in the PGB- Special Forces branch are now out and they play big roles in the bigger Force ─ UPDF. People like Aronda Nyakairima, Geoffrey Muheesi, Sam Kavuma, Dick Olum, Robert Ochama, etc. have served for long periods in the PGB as it was called then.

Even in recent times, PGB/Special Forces Command, was still playing its original role of enabling the CHC (now Commander-in Chief) to go to any dangerous part of Uganda at a moment’s notice without disturbing the Zonal or Sector Forces requesting for escorts and protection.

On the contrary, the CHC (Chairman of High the Command/Commander-in Chief), with the PGB, would come to an operational area (e.g. Gulu, Barlegi, Soroti, Karamoja, the Rwenzori Region) not as a burden to the Sector Forces of that area but as a welcome re-inforcement.

When Vincent Otti, aided by the mendacious and hostile press, was making a fool of himself threatening Gulu town, I arrived there with a sample package of the PGB.  We relieved the 4th Division of the sole burden of defending Gulu barracks and Gulu town.

Some panicky individuals suggested that we should switch off the lights in Gulu barracks so that Vincent Otti does not see where we were.  I rejected the idea.

Otti’s offensive against Gulu ended up with three mortar shells, one falling into a garden of potatoes near the barracks and a group of terrorists near Lalia Primary School that were dispersed by our tanks.  That was the end of the ‘battle’ for Gulu town.

I am very happy with the role of the Special Forces Command and of the entire UPDF with their different but complimentary lubimbis (roles, assignments) or, more correctly, mimbi’s (plural).

Therefore, the Special Forces Command evolved long before Besigye joined NRA and when Muhoozi Kainerugaba was only seven years old.  It was not created for Muhoozi.  It was created for the Resistance struggle and for Uganda.

Then, Dr. Besigye talked of “Poverty”.  In terms of statistics, Poverty has actually gone down.  While the people below the Poverty line were 56% in 1992, they are now averaging at 24.5%, if you take the country as a whole.  If you go Region by Region, the figures are; Central 10.7%, Western 21.8%, Eastern 24.3% and Northern 46.3%.

You all know why the figures for the Northern Region are still bad.  It is because of the prolonged terrorism, which was either applauded or supported by elements of the Opposition to which Dr. Besigye chose to belong.

The NRM, the UPDF and the people stood firm until we defeated the insurgency (terrorism) and disarmed the Karimojong cattle-rustlers ─ all by ourselves, with some goodwill from a few elements of the Opposition.

When, however, we say that somebody is above the Poverty line, we mean that he/she has access to food which, in terms of calories, is above or equal to what an ordinary person of that age requires to carry on normal daily activities.

That person also has access to basic services like education, health and safe water, since the NRM Government is providing some of these services (free education, health, etc).  That is why the population has exploded from 14 million people in 1986 to 35 million people today.

However, having enough calorie intake, accessing education, health and safe water, solves only a part of the human problems.  There is the problem of moneylessness, lack of jobs, etc, that are still a big problem for our people.  Somebody who is not engaged in any income generating activity will not have money.

Without money, even if you have food, you still will not build a good house, clothe your family and do other family requirements.  That means you are poor in terms of money.  Lack of jobs also creates ‘money poverty’ even if people have access to food, health care and are, therefore, technically above the Poverty line.

Which groups have kept our people in this situation of moneylessness?  The Opposition groups have played a role in diverting our people’s attention from this issue to their own quest for power.  The radios also play a role in this obscurantism – diverting people from their real interests to the interests of others.

Our economy has got five activities in which one can engage: agriculture; industry; services; public service; and ICT.  It should be the duty of all responsible leaders, radios, church leaders, cultural leaders, etc., to advise our people at any available occasion as to how each person can fit himself/herself in any of these sectors.

Those who are educated or enlightened make money from agriculture (commercial agriculture).  A big section of the peasants are, however, still stuck in subsistence farming ― growing food but no activities for money.  I had started working on sensitizing the peasants in the Nyabushozi area in the 1960s on this very issue.

When we came from the bush, I developed this work.  By 1995, I had proved that peasants can transition from subsistence farming to commercial agriculture. I made a countrywide tour sensitizing the population about this.  Unfortunately, many political leaders, on both NRM and Opposition side, find a lot of difficulty in grasping this issue.

Many leaders talk of roads, schools, hospitals, piped water, electricity, etc.  They, however, do not talk of wealth creation at the household level, which, in the case of agriculture, revolves around moving from subsistence to commercial farming and correct enterprise selection.

Where this has been accepted, rural poverty is definitely tackled.  The examples are Kiruhuura, Bundibugyo, some parts of Kabarole (for tea growing), some parts of Kanungu (for tea growing), some parts of Sebei (for Arabica coffee, wheat and dairy farming), some individuals in Kabaale (growing apples, pineapples), in Teso (for growing citrus fruits), etc.

In some of these areas, people who have generated incomes have built modern houses, have solar panels on the roofs of their houses, have bought personal cars, are sponsoring students privately in universities, etc.

In our 1996 Manifesto, we talked of a four-acres plan for each homestead.  One acre for clonal coffee, one acre for bananas, one acre for elephant grass (ebisagazi, ebibingo, etc) for zero-grazing cattle and one acre for fruits (oranges, mangoes, pineapples or apples according to the locality).

On top of these crops and dairy cattle, there should be five additional activities that use less space that can be added on, like poultry farming, rearing pigs as well as improved goats in the backyard of the homestead and fish farming (near the swamps) where applicable as well as apiary (bees) if there is space.

In the peri-urban areas, you can add mushroom growing.  Ms. Kizza of Masaka, people like Mudusu in Kasese and Nyombi of Mityana, are some of the best examples of model farmers.

The other therapy for Poverty alleviation is the cottage industries such as winemaking using bananas (in Sheema district) as well as using grapes (Nyakayojo in Rwampara and Mukono districts), etc.; and handlooms (Mukono district, Kalongo area in Acholi region, etc).

The mega therapy for poverty, however, is industrialization.  That is how modern economies are organized.  This has been the position of NRM as Dr. Besigye pointed out in his article.  The NRM, however, has faced opposition from many corners.  Opposition to electricity projects which are inputs to industries or to the factories themselves.

The groups that sabotage such projects and then turn round and pretend to be concerned about Poverty are either not sincere or confused.  Shifting to industries instead of just relying on agriculture is the ultimate way to go.  Even the Western countries that had been misled by some of the elements to neglect industries and talk of “post-industrial” economies (meaning economies just based on services and financial speculation) have discovered their mistakes and are trying to retrace their steps.

Yet, here, you have an economy that has got very good chances to industrialize, having its chances thwarted by either malicious actors or mistake makers who cannot be advised.

The other ingredients for Poverty therapy have already been put in place:  Education for all and Health (especially immunization).  Dr. Besigye was among those attacking UPE (Bonna Basome), calling it “Bonna Bakone.”  Unfortunately for Dr. Besigye, the situation on the ground gives a different story as I pointed out in my previous article.  Nearly 600,000 children sat for Primary Leaving Examination (P.L.E.) last year.

About 300,000 students sat for S.4 last year.  Some of the districts like Yumbe have only UPE and USE (Universal Secondary Education) schools.  If those schools were not there, there wouldn’t be much education in those districts.

I am very proud that the NRM, as soon as we had some little money in 1996, started UPE, added USE (later), added BTVET (Business, Technical, Vocational Education and Training), added free A-level education and we are now looking at the Students Loan Scheme for the University students.  Education and health are some of the components in the anti-Poverty war.

Another of Dr. Besigye’s distortions was that we went to the bush to fight Army rule.  Dr. Besigye, we went to the bush to fight three evils: lack of democracy (rigging elections in which FDC excels as I will prove in another article), extra-judicial killings and arbitrary arrests (outside the law).

Whether violations of people’s fundamental rights were done by Police, Intelligence services, UPC Youth wingers or the Army, it made no difference.

The summary for all this would be criminalized governance.  The Army, the NRA, as Dr. Besigye would surely remember, was in fact the vanguard of the people’s struggle for these fundamental rights.  Even today, the UPDF has been not only the vanguard of the people’s struggle for peace but has also been the most disciplined Force in the country – incomparably disciplined vis-à-vis elements of the political class, for instance.  FRONASA, the NRA and now the UPDF always act with the people, never against the people.

That is why the recent circus about a “coup” manufactured by the Daily Monitor newspaper and amplified by individuals in the habit of weaving schemes in the NRM was nothing but nonsense.

The Revolutionary Armies of Uganda always act against the killers, the Constitution violators, the parasites as well as other wrong doers and always do so with the support of the bulk of the population.  That was the case in the past, it is the case now and it will be the case in the future.

Therefore, Besigye’s ideas about the people fighting the Army and the Army fighting the people are wrong.  It seems Besigye did not give himself enough time to understand the FRONASA/NRA/UPDF.  I could detect that in the serialized articles he put in the papers some time ago.

Finally, he said: “power belongs to the people and not the Army”.  Yes, Dr. Besigye but the Army is part of the people.  The people cannot be without an Army.  If you have never seen a people without an Army, look at Somalia, look at Mali and some of the other countries.  If you have forgotten about a people with a bad Army, remember Uganda Army (UA), UNLA, etc.

What we fought against and destroyed were anti-people Armies (killing, raping, looting, etc).  When we detect any anti-people behaviour in the NRA/UPDF, we act harshly against those involved.  That is why we have executed by firing squad 22 soldiers in the past 27 years of NRM’s leadership of the country.  A pro-people Army, a patriotic Army, always acts with the people and never against them.

I have used Dr. Besigye’s interview to clarify some lies that have been peddled around for sometime mainly for the benefit of the young people who did not see the bad times Uganda went through.  In future, I may not respond to all the distortions put out by Dr. Besigye or his colleagues unless there is something fundamentally different that they bring out.

I thank the Editor.


6 thoughts on “Special Forces Not Created For Muhoozi – M7

  1. Dear Your Excellency, don ‘t waste energy on non-progressive Ugandans. We all know your good will to the country. Prince Charles sons William and Harry are in the Navy does that mean Nepotism, Mrs Clinton was eying for Presidency and the list goes for those family members that aspires for the high profile position due to inspiration. Muhoozi an an individual should have the right to chose what his path is regardless of political influence. We are secure and can run our businesses without the scare of the Anyanya. Well done just fight the corruption and all is ok Sir.

  2. Yes….i tend to believe the president. Most Opposition leaders are power thirsty and just need to get to that office. The ruling government has its Flaws but this have occurred partly due to interference by opposition being spurred by foreigners! Corruption should be dealt with and the prevailing peace maintained. Young People should be mobilized to do small businesses and not complain about white collar Jobs and, industrialization should be promoted aggressively. The Army should be left alone to keep peace and the rest of the development will fall in place.

  3. Let the General prove the Colonel wrong by relieving the Brigadier of the SFG command. Let the Brigadier take up another assignment, e.g. Katebe, deployment as AU Deputy in Somalia, or some other insignificant thing.

    Secondly, the Colonel raised another pertinent issue: The Brigadier is illegally in the army. Now, has the General conveniently avoided this issue, or what?

  4. I do applaud His Excellency, President Yoweri Museveni for coming out to put the record straight on such subject matters. Mr President, Muhoozi being where he is deployed should not really be a matter that should drag or deviate our nation from the more substantive issues like corruption.

    Ugandans should know that there is NO GOVERNMENT on this planet that has no flaws. I am 33 years old, and indeed managed to witness some visible atrocities of the UNLA. We lived in Nakasero just a few blocks from current Dembe FM and neighboring the late Dr. Ahmed and opposite Nakasero Primary School. I witnessed at a tender age road blocks on almost every corner of this country where people were routinely beaten or robbed in broad day light at the demise of the so called people’s army UNLA. I do recall people being roughed up and beaten just as they passed by Peter Otai’s resident. Today, you can walk or drive by Brigadier Muhoozi or General Katumba Wamala’s residence and no soldier will even heckle you. I happened to be a neighbour to Brigadier General Sam Kavuma, former ADC to the President in Kiwatule before he relocated to Buziga and I have never heard or seen any misbehavior by his detail. It was just like living with any other normal Ugandans. This is so much in the contrary to the passed Governments especially the UNLA which I happened to witness.

    It is very important for Ugandans to understand the transformations UPDF or Special Forces Brigade have undergone to qualify as Professional and yet disciplined units that are a great necessity to this Nation. Who heads what shouldn’t be the matter but as long as the entities serve National interests and the people of Uganda. In the USA, institutions like the Secret Service do serve great cause of Protecting the First Family and strategic national interests. If the USA has such units, then what’s wrong with Uganda embracing modernity. The only aspect to watch here is NOT personalizing these units. Yes, the President and his Government have flawed a lot, but again, let’s give credit where its due. Today, even if Besigye took power, Ugandans should know that most of these problems will still be in place and Besigye will then take on the toll of politicking to justify his stay into power.

    UPDF and the SFB have indeed served our nation and done Uganda very proud. Let us NOT down play them and yes, credit goes deeply to the President, men of these institutions and the people of Uganda for giving the mandate. What our President should do is, let those heckling….heckle. We all know the problems facing our Nation. Let him embark on a clean up of State, deploy individuals with credible and traceable track records no matter their political dispensation but make sure they tie them to stringent contracts that will evaluate them rather than their political stand. The President has a way of influencing NRM sleepy MPs. Yes I do concur here that, the majority of those legislatures are YES people who can’t stand for the good of our nation. Let him use these to fast track very tight laws on corruption and redeem the face of Uganda and NRM. The public of Uganda by the way, don’t care who runs UPDF or SFB. They do care about poverty, better roads, better equipped hospitals, improved education standards. Credit should be given to NRM for fast tracking UPE and USE, which on record should be noted as programs that were originated by the Obote Government and rolled out by NRM. Instead of wasting time answering and fighting opposition, let the President call on like minded people of this nation and tackle these issues. I don’t agree with dependency on Foreign Aid, but I must say in the short term, we need that donor support so badly. Let him restore donor trust by passing laws or giving executive orders to handle corruption in public services.

    Opposition is happy seeing the President derailed from the real issues to issues that they have thrown the spanner in the wax to feed their strategies. Your Excellency must understand and appreciate the fact that you’re not indispensable. Life is God given meaning your clock is ticking. What you should look deeply into TODAY is, how will you be remembered by Ugandans? Your legacy. God forbid, but if you passed today, do you know that Ugandans would remember you for corruption, and a heavily dented infrastructure, poor health services etc.

    Now that the good Lord has still given you a chance to breathe, tackle these as you would like knowing that tomorrow is your last day on planet earth and this time, appoint people with credible track records and qualified. Also, use your executive orders to immediately apprehend corruption and re divert those resources to visible programs that directly touch the lives of Ugandans like immediate restructuring and equipping hospitals, increasing health workers and teacher salaries and also increasing on the number of trained well facilitated teachers in UPE and USE schools, not forgetting improving on our security personell’s salaries and standards of living. Am talking about Police and UPDF!

    For God and My Country.

    Better the DEVIL YOU KNOW………….
    ROY GK

  5. Today it is Dr Besigye’s Lies tomorrow is the President’s Dictatorial behavior and spirit but all these are said just because Museveni’s Marrow has been hit hard causing him a much Pain and frustration because his inside has been revealed to the World.

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