April 22, 2013

Paramilitaries Mutiny In Sudan’s Darfur: Interior Ministry

Paramilitary forces in Sudan’s Darfur have mutinied, the interior ministry said on Sunday, as a United States diplomat expressed concern that security in the western region is worsening.

“A small group from the Central Reserve Police started a mutiny,” the  ministry said in a statement carried by the official SUNA news agency.

It said the mutineers were from the West Darfur unit of the special police  and were based in the state capital El Geneina near the Chadian border.

They “started firing their guns in the air”, panicking residents, before  fleeing southwest, the ministry said.

It added that there were no casualties and Sudan’s army was in pursuit  after the incident, which is unusual despite a decade of unrest in Darfur.

SUNA said the mutineers “withdrew from their compound and took with them  four Land Cruisers with weapons, and some food”.    The town is now calm, SUNA said.

The Central Reserve is one of the government forces used against rebels who  have been fighting in Darfur since 2003 against the Arab-dominated regime in  Khartoum.

Darfuri members of the Reserve formerly belonged to the Janjaweed, a  government-backed militia which shocked the world with atrocities against  ethnic minority civilians suspected of supporting the rebels.

More recently the Central Reserve have been implicated in other abuses.

Last week the Salamat tribe accused Central Reserve members of joining  fighting in Rahad el Berdi near Umm Dukhun, more than 200 kilometres (120  miles) south of El Geneina.

At least 18 people were killed in clashes between the Misseriya and Salamat  tribes around Umm Dukhun, a tribal leader said.

A United Nations panel of experts reported in February that eyewitnesses  and victims blamed elements of the Central Reserve and other paramilitaries “for acts of harassment and intimidation” in rural areas or inside camps for  Darfur’s 1.4 million displaced.

While the worst of Darfur’s violence has long passed, instability has been  complicated by inter-Arab fighting, kidnappings, carjackings and other crimes,  many suspected to be the work of government-linked militia and paramilitary  groups.

Security in Darfur is worsening and militias need to be disarmed, the US  charge d’affaires to Sudan said earlier Sunday, condemning a recent attack  which killed a peacekeeper.

Joseph Stafford told reporters it is not yet clear who carried out the “deeply troubling” Friday attack against the base of the African Union-UN  Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) near Muhagiriya town, hundreds of kilometres  southeast of El Geneina.

But he said there is an “urgent” need for an investigation bringing those  responsible to justice.

Two other peacekeepers were wounded in the assault, two days after the  Sudanese government announced it regained control of the area from rebels.

“We’re worried about the deteriorating security situation in Darfur and the  conflict between the government forces and the militia,” Stafford said.

He said “escalation in the acts of violence underscores the need for  militia disarmament” as well as other measures including a ceasefire between  the government and rebels who have not signed a 2011 peace deal with Khartoum.

The UN panel of experts reported “some incidents in which former members of  government militias have forcibly expressed their discontent with the current  government, especially against the backdrop of rising inflation and  unemployment.”

It said this discontent has occasionally led to “direct attacks on UNAMID  staff and premises”.

A rare 10-day rebel occupation of Muhagiriya and nearby Labado ended on  Wednesday when the Sudanese army announced it “liberated” the area.

The insurgents from the Sudan Liberation Army’s Minni Minnawi faction said  they withdrew in the face of massive force.

Minnawi rebels on Sunday said they have freed seven government soldiers  captured during various battles, including Muhagiriya.

The International Committee of the Red Cross confirmed the release.

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