Developing countries and to a greater extent the developed world are to blame for the drought in Africa due to uncontrolled industrial policies.
Speaking at the closure of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development meeting on Thursday, Ugandan President Museveni said developed nations are the major polluters of the environment and should take responsibility and cut their emissions.
He insists that this is the new form of aggression by the developed countries being done through climate change which Africa needs to resist very seriously and collectively demand justice.
President Museveni said he recently flew over the Rwenzori Mountain 5000 meters above sea level that used to have a large cover and sheet of snow cap and glaciers, however there were much smaller snow caps on four of the five peaks that used to have snow which is a dangerous sign.
He noted that this phenomenon of climate change which affects the whole globe is to a large extent man-made, a result of lifestyles, deforestation, pollution from industrialization and others.
However, President Museveni says the IGAD countries and Uganda are also to blame for strategic mistakes such as delay in industrialization and inadequate electrification leading to the excessive reliance on biomass for energy.
He also cites destruction of wetlands and forests, but also overstocking of domestic animals which causes soil erosion and silting of the water bodies such as rivers, wetlands and lakes.
He disclosed that in Uganda about 32.8 million cubic meters of wood is destroyed per annum for firewood.
President Museveni quoting scientists says the West Nile region in Uganda has got much more rain than Karamoja despite the fact they are on the same latitude. This is because the swamps in South Sudan and the Forests in Congo create more moisture for the West Nile region to get more rain thus warning against destruction of wetlands and eviction of peasants.
President Museveni says this requires adequate funding.
The IGAD members also noted that it is cheaper to invest in early warning and early action than it is in emergency programs. There is need to invest more in preventive measures and early warning which should be linked to early action.
There was also a call to facilitate and support communities in the arid and semi- arid areas of IGAD to invest in complimentary livelihood resources.
The European Union representative Debrouwer Jean Louis pledged strong support to the process of ending drought emergencies by investing differently. Debrouwer says it is their duty to engage in resilience building and addressing vulnerability.
Recently the World Board of Directors approved 122 million dollar fund to strengthen the resilience of pastoralists in Kenya and Uganda in the first phase. Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia will come in a second phase. Mustapha Ndiaye the World Bank Country Representative in Uganda reveals that out of the 122, five million US Dollars grant to IGAD to strengthen its mandate to coordinate resilience in the Horn of Africa.
The IGAD meeting which closes today is being held under the theme investing differently.
This is the second IGAD meeting on resilience after the Nairobi summit which called for a Multi Donor Trust Fund for the IGAD Drought, Disaster resilience and sustainability Initiative.