Kabale Hit By Strange Disease

Farmers say that animals start by swellings on the skin and lose appetite before succumbing to the disease in a period of about five to Six days.
Farmers say that animals start by swellings on the skin and lose appetite before succumbing to the disease in a period of about five to Six days.

Cattle farmers in Kashambya sub County, Kabale District are hit by yet another outbreak of lymph Skin disease.  This is the second time within a space of six months that a similar outbreak is registered in the same area.

In April, this tear, the areas Nyakatojo II, Nyakitabire in Nyakasebeya parish, Nyabushoro parish, and Rushekyera in Rutengye Parish were severely hit by the outbreak which has now stretched to the parishes of Ntaraga and Kitanga in the latest spate.

Lymph is a pox disease characterized by fever, nodules on the skin, mucous membranes and sometimes death.  Farmers say that animals start by swellings on the skin and lose appetite before succumbing to the disease in a period of about five to Six days. They add that the disease causes a temporary reduction in milk production, sterility in bulls, and damage to hides which make it one of the worst economic challenges.

John Nzabandora, one of the affected farmers from Kitanga Parish is concerned that there seems to be no deliberate effort to address the outbreak.  Nzabandora faults the district veterinary department for acting only when the situation has gone out of hand.

Macklin Kyasimire, another farmer from Kitanga blames the fresh outbreak on the mismanagement of previous cases.

The Kabale District Veterinary Officer, Dr. Bernard Kabagambe advises farmers to isolate the affected animals to avoid further spread of the disease.

Kabagambe also describes as unfortunate the failure by farmers to vaccinate their animals with penicillin antibiotics which stop the secondary bacterial infection and instead wait for government intervention.

He says that the drug which stops the continuation of the bacterial infection and subsequent death of the animals is available on the market.

1 thought on “Kabale Hit By Strange Disease

  1. This is lumpy skin diseases, not lymph skin disease as reported! It is caused by a virus and spread by various biting insects though it can also move from sick animal to healthy ones. The disease takes 4-14 days to show signs. This virus can survive for long periods in the environment: up to 35 days in dried skin parts from the wounds and for at least 18 days in air-dried hides SYMPTOM: constantly changing fever, diarrheoa, swellings all over the skin, swelling of lymph nodes and limbs, animal may not be able to walk, fluids from the nose and excess saliva coming out of the mouth.In some cases, pregnant animal may fail to become pregnant or lose the pregnancy (arbotion). Meat from diseased animal should not be eaten. PREVENTION and CONTROL: Prevention is through vaccination, control insects on the farm using recommended insecticides and repellents (consult your area veterinary officer), avoid moving sick animals from one farm to other places, remove infected and exposed animals by killing them off or proper through away the carcasses, clean and disinfect all areas in which sick animals were living using chemicals like chloroform (20%), formalin (1%), and phenol (2% for 15 minutes). Contro ticks by spraying with acaricides such as Supona Extra, tsetse tick and proteid. Spraying prevents further effect from the germ. Dewormers the animals using dewormers like albendazol 10%. TREATMENT: Inject with either pen and strep or gentamycine according to the recommended dosages to control secondary infections. germ The treatment has to be repeated at ten days’ interval. Apply healing oil externally to the infected parts of the animal following manufacturer’s instructions (do not inject the animal immediately after spraying. Use multivitamins to boost immunity and appetite

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