Poverty linked to poor performance in national exams – study

A new study conducted by the Equal Opportunities Commission (EOC) has revealed that poverty is closely linked to poor performance in national examinations.

The report revealed that both the Eastern and Northern regions have registered the poorest performance in national examinations in the last decade.

According to the report, the Eastern region contributed 52.6% of the 19 poor-performing districts, of which 5 were in Elgon (Sironko, Bulambuli, Manafwa, Namisindwa, and Bukwo), 4 in Bukedi (Pallisa, Kibuku, Butebo, and Butaleja), and 1 in Teso (Serere).

Similarly, the Northern Region followed, with 9 (47.4%) of the districts ranking among the poor performers. These were Madi Okollo, Agago, Oyam, Pader, Dokolo, Alebtong, Otuke, Lamwo, and Amolatar.

According to data from the Uganda National Household Survey (UNHS) 2019/2020, both the Eastern and Northern regions account for 33.3% and 36.6% of people living below the poverty line, respectively.

PLE performance index by sub-regions 2022

According to the Uganda National Examination Board (UNEB), 97,109 primary leaving examination candidates failed the national exams, most of whom hail from these two regions.

Out of those who sat, 114,617 passed in first grade, 357,799 passed in second grade, 146,583 passed in third grade, and 95,702 passed in fourth grade, while 97,109 were not graded.

This revelation comes against the backdrop of the ongoing national examinations, that is to say, the Primary Leaving Examinations, the Uganda Certificate of Education, and the Uganda Advanced Certificate of Education.

In the primary leaving examinations, over 700,000 candidates registered for exams across the country this year, while hundreds of thousands more have registered for both the Uganda Certificate of Education and the Uganda Advanced Certificate of Education.

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